According to the World Bank’s Global Competitiveness Report 2015, Nigeria ranked 8th in West Africa for “Quality of overall infrastructure”

Air Transport

Nigeria has a satisfactory international transportation facilities and logistics capability. Currently, there are five (5) operational international airports in Nigeria: Murtala Mohammed International Airport (Lagos), Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport (Abuja), Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport (Kano), Akanu Ibiam International Airport (Enugu) and Port Harcourt International Airport (Rivers).

There are six (6) major domestic airports in Calabar (Cross River), Maiduguri (Borno), Sokoto Airport, Jos (Plateau), Yola (Adamawa), and Kaduna (Kaduna).

Other domestic airports are in the following cities:

  • Akure (Ondo)
  • Bauchi (Bauchi)
  • Benin (Edo)
  • Ibadan (Oyo)
  • Ilorin (Kwara)
  • Katsina (Katsina)
  • Makurdi (Benue)
  • Minna (Niger)
  • Owerri (Imo)
  • Warri (Delta)
  • Zaria (Kaduna)

In 2015, Nigeria was ranked 7th in West Africa for “Quality of air transport infrastructure”, and 1st for “Available airline seat km/week”.

Road Transport

Nigeria with a total road network of 193,200 km is the 27th longest in the world and 2nd in Africa. Up to 14.9% (28,900 km) of the total road network are currently paved while over 85% (164,220 km) are unpaved.

The Global Competitiveness Report 2015, showed that Nigeria ranks 8th in West Africa for “Quality of roads”. The current administration has set aside N268 billion for the completion of over 200 uncompleted road projects across the country to improve the nation’s quality of road.

Rail Transport

Nigeria has a total of 3,798 km of rail line (Standard gauge 293 km, narrow gauge 3,505 km), which makes it the 47th longest in the world, and the longest in West Africa.

In 2014, Nigeria signed a contract with the China Railway Construction Corporation to build a 3,218 km high-speed rail network, which will be a major boost to the economy, connecting Lagos, Kano, Kaduna, Warri, Bauchi, Abuja, and Port Harcourt. The system will be digitally operated using fiber-optic cables, radio communications and wireless services.

Port Infrastructure

The ports in Nigeria include: Lagos port, Tin Can Island port, Rivers port, Onne port, Delta port, and Calabar port. Nigeria is currently ranked 7th in West Africa in terms of “Quality of Port Infrastructure”.

The government is making efforts through public-private partnerships to improve the ports infrastructure.


Access to electricity (% of population):                                  55.6

Access to electricity, urban (% of urban population):             83.6

Access to electricity, rural (% of rural population):                 34.4

Electric power consumption per capita (KWh):                      141.9

Energy generation (MWh/h):                                                  3,144

Peak generation (MW):                                                          3,590.3

Peak demand forecast (MW):                                                 12,800



Source: World Bank 2014

Information and Communication Technology

The number of Internet users (per 100 people) in Nigeria has increased over the years, and according to the World Bank, there are more Internet users in Nigeria than in Sub-Saharan Africa.



Source: World Bank


One of the twelve (12) pillars of the Global Competitiveness Index is Technological readiness. An overview of Nigeria’s performance for Technological readiness is shown below:

Technological readiness Value Rank (West Africa)
Availability of latest technologies 4.4 4
Firm-level technology absorption 4.3 4
FDI and technology transfer 4.5 3
Individuals using Internet, (%) 38 1
Int’l Internet bandwidth, kb/s per user 0.8 9
Mobile broadband subscriptions/100 people 10.1 4


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Note: Values are on a 1-to-7 scale except for those indicated using ().

Source: World Bank